The Prime Minister must hear the opinions of the concerned prefectures when drafting the implementation, revision, or abolition of the Cabinet Order designating the areas described in Paragraph 1. The Prime Minister must draw up a proposal for fundamental policy for total volume reduction, and submit it to the cabinet for a determination.
The Prime Minister must, when drawing up such proposal for the fundamental policy for total volume reduction, consult in advance with the ministers charged with the affairs related to the measures prescribed in Paragraph 2, number 2, as well as hearing the opinions of the concerned prefectures.
The Prime Minister shall, without delay, notify the governors of the concerned prefectures of the fundamental policy when a determination is reached by the cabinet as stipulated in Paragraph 5 above. The provision of last 3 paragraphs shall apply correspondingly to revisions of the fundamental policy for total volume reduction.
Analysis of alternative pathways for reducing nitrogen oxide emissions.
Prefectural governors in the specified areas must formulate plans regarding measures which should be implemented in order to reduce the total volume of automobile emitted nitrogen oxides within the relevant specified areas hereinafter called "total volume reduction plans" , based on the fundamental policy for total volume reduction. Total volume reduction plans shall stipulate the matters prescribed in 4. Total volume of nitrogen oxides produced and emitted into the air as a result of business activities and any other human activities within the relevant specified area 2.
Total volume of automobile emitted nitrogen oxides within the relevant specified area 3. Total volume assessed by order of the Prime Minister's Office concerning nitrogen oxides produced and emitted into the air as a result of business activities and any other human activities within the relevant specified area, taking into consideration the air quality standards relating to nitrogen dioxide. Reduction target with regard to the total volume mentioned in 2.
Sources of NOx Pollution
Time period and methods for accomplishing the plan. The prefectural governors must, in setting forth their total volume reduction plans, hear the opinion of the council for forming total volume reduction plan, as well as obtain approval from the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister must, in granting the approval mentioned in the previous paragraph, put the matter before an environmental pollution countermeasures strategy meeting for deliberation. The prefectural governors must publicly announce all matters prescribed in each item of Paragraph 2 when setting forth the emissions reduction plans.
The provision of last 3 paragraphs shall apply correspondingly to revisions of the emissions reduction plans. In prefectures which include wholly or partially the specified areas, when such specified areas are stipulated under the provisions of Article 6, Paragraph 1, council for formulating total volume reduction plan hereinafter in this Article called "the council" shall be established for the purpose of studying and deliberating matters to be included in the total volume reduction plan.
The council shall be composed of the prefectural governor, prefectural public safety commission, related municipalities including special wards , related local administrative organs, and related road operators. The general affairs of the council shall be managed in the prefecture which is under the control of the relevant governor.
Necessary matters in addition to those specified above, concerning the organization and operation of the council, shall be governed by the applicable regulations of the prefecture. National and local government shall make every effort to implement the necessary measures to achieve the total volume reduction plans. Regarding automobiles which are stipulated by Cabinet Order as being a primary cause of air pollution in specified areas due to their automobile emitted nitrogen oxides when in use, and are registered in specified areas called "specified vehicles" in the following Paragraph , the Prime Minister must, through an order of the Prime Minister's Office, establish standards related to the emission of nitrogen oxides hereinafter called "specified vehicles emission standards" , giving consideration to vehicle categories, the state of automobile emitted nitrogen oxides from each vehicle category in specified areas, etc.
Specified vehicles emission standards shall, with regard to the volume of automobile emitted nitrogen oxides produced and released into the air through the operation of specified vehicles under specific conditions, be fixed as permissible limits for each gross vehicle weight defined as gross vehicle weight mentioned in Article 40, number 3 of the Road Vehicles Act classification of specified vehicles, which classifications shall be prescribed by order of the Prime Minister's Office.
The Prime Minister must, in implementing the specified vehicles emission standards, hear the opinions of prefectures which are composed either entirely or in part of the specified areas. Volume 95, Issue 4. Previous Article Next Article. Research Papers. Shaw H.
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